Folk Dance Drama Gambhira Festival


Author: Aparna Bhattacharya


There’s maybe no better method to investigate the huge art scene of India than through its folk song and dance. Each state and region offers a one of a kind impression and taste into its lifestyle, ceremonies and customs. What’s more, the more you explore the more you understand that in spite of the fact that they all recount a similar story, what’s really otherworldly is the manner by which diverse despite everything they are from each other.

Indian folk and tribal dances are basic dances and are performed to express delight and joy among themselves. Folk and innate dances are performed for each conceivable event, to praise the landing of seasons, birth, a wedding and celebrations. The dances are simple with least of steps or movement. The moves burst with verve and imperativeness. Men and women play out a few moves only, while in a few exhibitions men and women dance together. On most events, the artists sing themselves, while being joined by specialists on the instruments.


In antiquated Bengal, dance was well-known stimulation. Mistresses and sanctuary young ladies were required to be capable in the speciality of dance endorsed by Bharata in his ‘Natya Sastra’. Prevalent types of dancing were rendered at everyday festivals and on different events by low-standing clans Nat’s and Dominis (ladies of the Dom rank) who working on moving and singing as inherited callings. In the medieval times, most likely the organization of sanctuary young ladies wind up noticeably obsolete and class dancing was constrained to mistresses. Subsequently, dancing came to be looked down upon in respectable society.

Gambhira Dance Drama: Gambhira is a type of rhythmic song, dance and drama originating in Chapai Nawabganj, in the Northern Region of Bangladesh. It is performed with an especially unmistakable mood and dance with two entertainers, continually exemplifying a man and his maternal grandfather, talking about a point to raise social realization. Later on this kind of Song and dance became quite popular in Malda of West Bengal India. This ethnic dance of West Bengal holds an extraordinary place in Bengali culture. This mesmerising folk dance supplement the lovely culture of West Bengal, by it,’s brightness and merriment.


Gambhira Dance is likewise performed in two-part harmony or in-gathering, contingent on the quantity of members. The characters of the move speak to{ Puranic} ancient gods like Shiva, Parvati, Kali, and so forth. The enormous drum Dhak is basically utilized as the chief going with the instrument and the melody, sung in commendation of Lord Shiva and the tunes are uproarious and coarse, giving an additional

grandness to its frame. Gambhira tunes are accepted to have begun from the love of the god Shiva since he is otherwise called ‘Gambhir’. In old circumstances, Gambhira used to be praised as Puja, but in the medieval period, the most Hindu people group began commending the Puja of ‘Dharma Thakur’ (a well known divine force of the Hindus) on the most recent three days of the Bengali year. This, later on, was known as the “gajan” of Shiva’. Before, Shiva was envisioned to be available at the season of real execution.

Loko Utsav: “Gambhira” is an exceptionally celebrated “Loko Utsav” in Malda and this Utsav stayed inside Malda.”Loko Utsav” (Local Festival) turn into the heart beat among the general population of the country side.

Lay out of a Gambhira Program: The beginning of the month Chaitra which is called Chaitra Sankranti, Gambhira begins. Despite the fact that Chaitra Sankranti is on 30th Gambhira begins four days before Chaitra Sankranti and proceeds to the finish of Chaitra.


1st day 26th chaitra- pouring of pitcher{ghat vara}
At the starting of the Gambhira Utsav there is a ritual called-“Pouring of pitcher” (Ghat vara). But this ritual differs in other regions of Bengal. Every thing is done according to the shastra. First day ends with rituals.

2nd day 27th chaitra- Gambhira starts with small show. The show begins with by worshiping of Shiva or Hara-Gouri.
The junior followers act as Sannyasi. This sannyasi are called “BalaVakta”
. That day and following day all the Bala Vaktas remain before Lord Shiva and chant the Shiva-Vandana. After the recitation of Shiv-Vandana, all the Bala-Vaktas remain by one leg and take the name of Shiva as the main priority. Different sort of dances like solo dance, assemble dance and facial act (Mukha Nritya) happens that night.

3rd day 28th chaitra- Big Show bangs at the 3rd day of the Gambhira festival. At afternoon all the disciples move for Jatra called “Shova-jatra” in that shova-jatra all the disciples of different age group take part and they move from one mandap to another mandap by disguising them as ghosts, witches, fireman, snake-man etc. and they loudly beat Dhak. After finishing the shova- jatra, the Act “Lanka Dahan” happens that evening.

4 th day – 29th chaitra – Ahara/Bolai/Bolbai- Gambhira celebration closes on the fourth day with “Bolbai Songs”. Bolbai melodies are Gambhira songs. Every melody depends on the contemporary event. The fundamental reason for existing of this festival is to introduce the situation of regular man because of high-value rise, defilement, abuse of political power under the affection of communicating them to master Shiva. Therefore it has appeared as the folk dance drama.

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