Sculpting Art: Giving Life to Earth!



Chipping and shaping stone and metal into figures and objects and bringing them to life is no mean task. The sculpture is an Art form that has continually been the center of attraction. The emergence of this art form dates back to the traditional past, once when the civilization was in its developing stages. As time marched on, Indian sculpture has flourished and evolved an excellent deal. Since the first ages, Bharat sculpting has undergone completely different phases through experimentation and sensible superior skill. With its potentialities in its varied dimensions, Indian sculpture found an equal footing with alternative two art forms — painting and handcraft. The current article is aimed toward educating those that have the interest to understand the techniques, individualism, and also the intricacies of the world-renowned Indian sculpture of each past and gift.

With its abundant history and cultural richness, India is home to several fine specimens that are unit testament to the distinctive ability of these estimable sculptors. World Health Organization introduced new designs and forms. With its original firmly entrenched into the traditional timeframe of Indus depression Civilization, Indian sculptures depict completely different histories concerning themselves that provide the United States a way of understanding the amount.

Majorly inscribed from stone, earthenware, and bronze, these celebrated Indian sculptures represent an era that left its marks because of the proof of their existence. Sculptors have a skill of persisting over their task creatively and adding meaning to a piece of otherwise, shapeless object. Sculpting in India, is in fact, pretty ubiquitous as we are surrounded by sculptures, some of which we hardly seem to recognize or register. Statues and sculptures have always been important landmarks, showcasing the symbolization of ideologies and personalities. And sculpting of religious deities and structures is inherent to the spiritual structure of the nation’s religious and cultural society.

History of Sculpting Art

Sculpting Art History
Mahabalipuram Mahishasura /Wikimedia

One of the finest sculptures dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization. The Dancing Girl of Mohenjo- Daro is more than 4000 years old and is an exquisite piece of metal sculpting along with a few other stone and bronze sculptures. The earliest sculptures to be standing in their place of creation were formed during the reign of Ashoka. Where the Mauryan Empire created wonderful statues that to date are symbols of integrity. The Ashoka Pillar, Yaksha Statue, sculpting on Shanti Stupa, and many other Buddhist and Jain statues still exist.

Next were the Cave Temple arts, immortalized by the Temples of Khajuraho, as well as, the bronze sculptures of religious deities during the Chola Dynasty reign in southern India.It was only during the colonial rule that sculpting shifted focus from religious figures to making statues of real people. The statues of Queen Victoria and various governors-general were erected, as well as, there was a heavy foreign influence in subject and style during the British rule. Post-Independence has seen the advent of modern sculptors that include DP Roy Choudhury and Ramkinkar Baij.

Figures of Gods in Sculpting Art

Sculpting: Giving Life to Earth

Sculpting deities and religious heads have been and continue to be a big part of Indian sculpting. Idol worship is one of the fundamentals of the Hindu religion and in temples across the country. The deities and sculpted with a lot of care and reverence. In many specific festivals, such as Ganesh Chaturthi in Maharashtra or Durga Puja in West Bengal, the idols are prepared for months by skilled artisans using various kinds of raw materials.

Similarly, Buddhism also has contributed to the development of religious sculptures. Many statues of the Buddha in various poses and stances are spread across the monasteries and Buddhist centers. Some of these include the Great Buddha in Bodhgaya, Reclining Buddha, and the Standing Buddha in Sarnath. Besides, the statues of Buddha, the Buddhist style of sculpting are also recognized in various places. Such as the Indian Emblem and Ashoka Temple. Again, Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism styles have given us gems, such as the Ajanta Ellora Caves.

Ajanta Caves – Salil S/Flickr

Religion and mythology being the foremost common subjects within the medieval age, most of the Indian sculptors found them engraving temple walls and etching rocks into prodigious bodies of Hindu and religious belief deities. As time marched on and completely different artworks emerged, Indian sculpture additionally began to evolve clutches newer techniques and approaches. The sculpture within the medieval era shifted a lot towards the portrayal of the modern social life vogue. Besides, it adopts several foreign influences, while not rejecting Indian attributes.

Personalities in Sculpting Art

Sculpting: Giving life to Earth
Bodh Gaya kaniths /Flickr

During British rule, the focus of sculpting shifted to building statues of important people. During the early British rule, the statues were placed within churches. For example, the sculpture of Lieutenant-Colonel John Campbell in St. Thomas Cathedral in Madras. English sculptors also built monuments, memorials, and government houses which are iconic landmarks of cities, such as Flora Fountain in Mumbai or Victoria Memorial in Kolkata.

Sculpting Art in Modern Times

Sculpting: Giving life to Earth
Victoria Memorial, Kolkata/Wikimedia

Modern sculptures found a unique place that was influenced by its all predecessor generations, yet matched with its age and time. Many are credited with forging nationalist sentiments with their works during the Independence struggle. Ramkinker Baij is considered one of the most prominent sculptors of this time and is credited with amalgamating the western and traditional styles to form a modern outlook. The famous Santhal Family, his sculptures of the Bengal Famine, and Dandi March are some examples of his excellence.

Some other big names in the modern sculpting field include DP Roy Chowdhury known for his sculptures of the Triumph of Labor in Chennai. Fanindra Nath Bose, VP Karmarkar who sculpted the bronze 13 feet high Shivaji statue in Pune, and more. For those interested in looking at the works of upcoming sculptors, a visit to the National Gallery of Modern Art of NGMA in Delhi can do wonders. One can witness the works of sculptors of our time, such as KS Radhakrishnan and Sankho Chaudhuri.

Sculptures, monuments, and statues in India are a large part of our physical city, village, and even tourist landscapes. They attract visitors, on one hand, devotees on the other, and at times, they just happen to be found on our road intersections too. They are found at our railway stations, at markets, and also in galleries. And thus it remains one of the finest and most accessible art forms of India.

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